The large-scale deployment of Dutch military in Bosnia ended in November 2011. Five staff officers will remain stationed in the country as part of the European Union Force (EUFOR) mission. They form part of the Capacity Building and Training Division. This division consists of a staff of 34 personnel from 15 countries, which coordinates and prepares international mobile training teams for training the Bosnian army. The Dutch contribution is to provide a communication and information system training module. This is done according to the ‘train-the-trainer’ principle, with Bosnian military personnel who have already completed the module passing on their knowledge to their own colleagues.
NATO’s Kosovo Force (KFOR) is responsible for providing a safe environment for the population in Kosovo. The current KFOR strength is approximately 17,000 military personnel, divided into 5 Task Forces. The Dutch contribution is limited to 4 personnel for KFOR headquarters, 2 intelligence experts and 2 personnel for the National Support Element.
EULEX is a European Union mission with the objective of improving stability in Kosovo by lending support to the government, police, judiciary and customs organisations. A total of 2,000 people from various EU countries are taking part in the mission. The Netherlands has some 20 military personnel, most of them from the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee, stationed in Kosovo for EULEX. The Netherlands’ contribution to EULEX also comprises police personnel and specialists from the ministries of Foreign Affairs and Justice.
The Netherlands has been participating in Security Sector Reform (SSR) in Burundi since the civil war there ended in 2004. Security Sector Reform oversees various projects that are reforming the entire security sector in this African country. SSR is meant to lead to stabilisation. Burundi, a democratic country, is currently not yet capable of offering its population a full guarantee of security and stability.
In Rwanda, Burundi and Uganda, the Netherlands is participating in the Africa Contingency Operations Training & Assistance (ACOTA) programme. The aim is to build up the capacities of 25 African countries, so that they can conduct peace missions (with a mandate from the United Nations and the African Union). In the context of the ACOTA programme, three battalion task forces are trained consecutively each year (up to 3,500 soldiers per task force). These soldiers can then be deployed for AMISOM, the African Union mission in Somalia.
The Netherlands is participating in the European training mission (EUTM) for Somalia. The mission is taking place in the Ugandan capital, Kampala, and at Bihanga Training Camp in western Uganda. The main task of the mission is to train Somali security troops, in order to strengthen the new Somali National Government. There are 13 other European countries besides the Netherlands taking part in the mission.
The task of the United Nations Truce Supervision Organisation (UNTSO) is to monitor the agreed demarcation lines between Lebanon, Syria and Israel. On the Golan Heights, the UNTSO also works with the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) and with the United Nations International Force In Lebanon (UNIFIL) in southern Lebanon.
The European Union Border Assistance Mission (EU BAM) is a European Union mission for providing border assistance at the Rafah border-crossing point in the Gaza Strip.
In this region, the Netherlands also contributes to the United States Security Coordinator Dayton (USSC Dayton). This mission is based in Ramallah on the West Bank and its programme is aimed at the improvement of the security services and Presidential Guard of the Palestinian Authority.
Combined Maritime Forces (CMF) is an international partnership of navies from 24 different countries which operates in the waters around the Arabian peninsula. The CMF’s mission is to combat violent extremism and terrorism, to counter piracy, smuggling and human trafficking, and to promote, in collaboration with local and other partners, maritime security and stability in the region.