In Kabul, 25 Dutch civilian police officers have been assigned to EUPOL. Their main task is the establishment of a national Police Staff College. This training institute will provide training aimed at strengthening the leadership and management skills of the Afghan police. The Dutch police officers are also helping in the creation of a regional training centre in Bamiyan, that will offer training for female officers. The Netherlands is also represented on the EUPOL staff.
The initial training for the operational level of the Afghan police takes place at the training centres of the NTM-A and the German Police Project Team. This initial phase of the basic training lasts eight weeks and is given by 13 instructors from the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee.
The practical training is provided by multidisciplinary teams, the so-called Police Operational Mentor and Liaison Teams (POMLTs). The core of these teams consists of a combination of Marechaussee and military personnel from other Services, 165 in all. The Dutch POMLTs mentor the Afghan police in Kunduz and provide additional training on the job for at least five months. This includes a ten-week follow-up to the basic training.
Strengthening the law-enforcement chain
The Netherlands is deploying 15 civilian police officers for the strengthening of the law-enforcement chain in Kunduz. They are involved in the EUPOL City Police and Justice Project. A further five legal experts will provide the necessary specialist know-how for this CPJP programme.
To aid the deployment of the police instructors and trainers, 125 military personnel are providing medical, logistic and staff support.
Four Dutch F-16s backed by 120 military personnel are stationed in Mazar-e-Sharif, west of Kunduz. Operating from this base, the planes are deployed to locate improvised explosives and, if necessary, can also provide air support. The Dutch contingent commander’s mandate includes the deployment of the F-16s if there are Dutch personnel in danger.
Just as the Dutch and the Afghans they are training will be able to count on the support of the Allies, the Dutch fighter aircraft will be available if the personnel of a partner country are in acute danger. Such a situation would also require the approval of the Dutch contingent commander.