Enforcement of aliens legislation
This task consists of border control, Mobile Monitoring of Aliens and supporting the asylum procedure.
- border control at airports and seaports;
- investigating criminal offences;
- issuing emergency travel documents;
- initial reception of asylum seekers and the transfer of aliens under a deportation order;
- National Documents Bureau with specialists in the field of falsification.
More information about the border-control tasks of the Marechaussee
The Schengen Agreement resulted in the disappearance of border control on many of Europe’s national borders. To compensate for this, a number of countries took steps to counter illegal immigration and crime. In the Netherlands in May 1994, the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee was made responsible for the Mobile Monitoring of Aliens on the internal borders with Belgium and Germany.
The Mobile Monitoring of Aliens concentrates on travellers entering the Netherlands from other Schengen countries. The inspection of travel documents takes place in the area immediately behind the border and is carried out at random on the road, on trains, on the water and at airports. Although border control between the Schengen countries no longer exists, one must be able to produce identification in the form of a valid travel document within the Schengen area.
Thousands of people request political asylum in the Netherlands each year. They are all people who do not want to return to their home countries. The Immigration and Naturalisation Service of the Ministry of Justice decides whether these individuals may stay in the Netherlands. The Marechaussee helps the Immigration and Naturalisation Service to establish the identity of the asylum seekers.